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Jalianwala Bagh Massacre

Category : Heritage & Culture | Sub Category : Indian Heritage Posted on 2020-10-17 00:25:08


Jalianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also familiar as the Amritsar massacre, happened on 13 April 1919, when Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer instructed troops of the British Indian Army to trigger their rifles into a mob of unarmed Indian civilians in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 379 images and injuring over 1,200 other humans.

Cause

It was due to the terrible repercussions of the war, like- inflation, heavy taxation, a huge number of wounded and dead soldiers that help immensely in uniting the nation against the British Rule. The aggravate civil unrest led to the formation of Rowlatt Committee in 1919. 

On the afternoon of April 13, a throng of at least 10,000 men, children, and women gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh, which was nearly wholly surrounded by walls and had only one exit. It is not clear how many had come to the city from the surrounding area to acknowledge a happy day Baisakhi, a spring festival and how many persons there were objectors who were disobey the ban on public meetings. Dyer and his soldiers appeared and shut off the exit. Without notice or caution, the troops opened shoot on the mass, reportedly firing hundreds of rounds until they ran out of bullets and shells. It is not sure how many died in the great slaughter, but, according to one official report, an estimated 379 people were assassinated, and about 1,200 more were injured. After they ceased firing, the soldiers straight away withdrew from the place, leaving behind the wounded and dead.

British troops basically fired on a big rabble of unarmed Indians in an open space. It clearly noticeable a turning point in Indias modern history, in that it left a enduring cicatrix on Indo-British relations and was the preliminary to Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhis pure commitment to the cause of Indian nationalism and independence from Britain.

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